This used to be all factories
Harlem is not the only trendy district in New York. There is also the Meatpacking District, known as Gansevoort Market. What used to be an area swamped with factories, especially for meat packing (hence its name) now uses its old structures to house markets and restaurants.
[Williamsburg, in Brooklyn, is the clearest example of gentrification], so much that ‘The New York Times’ has banned its journalists from using it as a reference. Nowadays Harlem has taken up the baton. Its streets boom with jazz, swing, cabarets and Afro-American culture. ‘The Guardian’ newspaper states that “Harlem is increasingly white”. This is a process that began when Bill Clinton installed his offices in the district: from an area in decline to a desirable, high-profile location with features such as abandoned buildings to luxury housing and modern cafés like Red Rooster, which offers live music and photography exhibitions.
Another example of this urban transformation is Puerto Madero (Buenos Aires), a response to the need to create a port to connect Buenos Aires with Europe. Who would have thought that the addition of four dams and two docks could turn it into a luxury district! Its streets are now lined with famous Parisian furniture shops (Roche Bobois) and five-star hotels such as Faena Hotel, decorated by Philippe Starck. This ‘foreign invasion’ has meant that it has lost part of its original essence, although Marcelo, one of the best Italian restaurants in the city, is one of the few that maintains its traditional feel.